Eyelid correction: risks and complications
Complications following an eyelid correction are rare and fortunately are not often serious. Nevertheless it is important that you are properly informed about the risks if you are considering having plastic surgery of the eyes.
From our experience and from scientific articles we know that specialists that perform a certain procedure very frequently have fewer complications. What's more we work with the highest safety and hygiene requirements.
Therefore if a complication arises, it is an exception. Nevertheless an eyelid correction is still an operation that involves risks, which is something you need to take into account.
At the Wellness Kliniek eyelid correction procedures are performed in the operating theatre. Despite the fact that the procedure is performed under sterile conditions, there is still a small risk of infection. Post-operative bleeding may also occur. Damage to the eye itself is extremely rare. It is possible that the skin will be tauter than desired after the treatment. This sometimes happens following an eyelid correction.
Most undesired complications usually correct themselves or can be corrected with a minor, additional procedure.
Would you like more information about the risks of plastic surgery? Read more about the general risks involved in plastic surgery.
If you would like more information about the risks and complications involved in plastic surgery of the eyes, please read the following section.
Information about possible complications
- What is a complication?
Even when a procedure has been performed perfectly there may still be problems afterwards that need to be treated. A complication is not a medical error but an undesired consequence of the procedure. Examples include an infection in the wound area, unsightly scar formation, post-operative bleeding and ectropion etc.
- How can I avoid any complications?
To prevent any risk of infection it is important that you keep the wounds clean and dry until they heal completely. To reduce the risk of circulation problems we advise you to stop smoking for up to 6 weeks after the operation.
- Taut scar
Sometimes a scar can feel taut during the healing process. Generally this is nothing for you to be concerned about. It is difficult to predict exactly what a scar will look like after the treatment. If your previous scars healed well it is highly likely that this one will too.
- Lack of feeling
Because the nerves of the skin are cut the eyelid or the edge of the eyelid may lack feeling or feel different when you touch it, for a few months after the operation. The normal feeling usually returns of its own accord.
- Thickened eyelid
Due to the operation the draining of fluid from the eyelid will be disturbed for a few months, which means that the edge of the eyelid may be thicker and more swollen than normal. This usually clears up by itself.
- Post-operative bleeding
This is not serious but means that it will take longer for the bruising to disappear. Post-operative bleeding is quite common. It generally occurs a few hours after the operation. An increased risk of post-operative bleeding may be a reason why you have to spend the night at the Wellness Kliniek.
A hematoma is a localised collection of blood that is accompanied by swelling. A hematoma may occasionally occur following an eyelid correction. A large swelling and black eyes may be visible for several weeks. They disappear without any further intervention.
The skin and face are usually swollen after an eyelid correction. Normally the swelling subsides within a week or two. Occasionally it takes a little longer to go down but eventually disappears by itself.
The head and neck area has lots of blood vessels. This is why infections are relatively rare. If an infection does occur this may lead to the wound not healing properly resulting in an unsightly scar. An infection is more common in patients that smoke a lot and patients that suffer a hematoma following the operation.
Necrosis or areas of dying skin may occur after facial surgery. This complication is sometimes seen among smokers or patients that suffer from poor circulation in the skin due to their medication or illness.
- Changes in the skin
During the operation the skin is pulled slightly taut which may cause some changes in the quality of the skin. Small red blood vessels, which were already present before the operation may become slightly more visible. Pigmentation marks sometimes appear.
- Keloid scarring
The incisions are made in well-concealed spots. Unfortunately keloid scars (thickened scars) sometimes form. Unsightly scars can usually be corrected a year after the original operation. The success of the corrective procedure depends on your individual healing process.
Small, yellow spots, inclusion cysts, can form where the suture needle pierced the skin. They usually disappear of their own accord. In rare cases an epithelial cyst can form in the scar. This is a cavity filled with skin cells and fluid that must be surgically removed.
- A gritty feeling
Sometimes opening and closing the eye is not as easy as before the operation and this may last a few months. It does not usually cause any problems but if you suffered from dry eyes before the operation, it could result in dryness of the cornea. The problem is solved by administering artificial tears.
The lower eyelid does not heal properly and curls outwards after the operation. This can result in the eyeball becoming irritated and it starts to tear (the bloodhound effect). It might mean that a new operation is necessary to correct this unwanted complication.
- Bulging eye
This is an extremely rare complication. Bleeding in the eye socket can force the eyeball forwards. The optic nerve may become trapped and cause blindness. If this happens you must contact your plastic surgeon immediately because action is urgently needed.
After the operation
If you experience any problems or concerns after your operation, please don't hesitate to contact us. Call us immediately if you experience any abnormal signs of healing such as:
- Localised redness
- If you feel generally unwell
- If you have the slightest concern.
After the procedure you will be given our permanent medical emergency telephone number. We are there for you day and night. We are there to support you until you are fully recovered.